At Federal level, the Systematic care of persons with disabilities was brought into focus in Pakistan in 1982 with the observance of 1981 as the United Nations International Year of Disabled Persons. Four National Special Education Centres (one for each disability) were established at Islamabad during 1982 :-
i. National Special Education Centre for Intellectually Challenged Children,H-8/4
ii. National Special Education Centre for Hearing Impaired Children, H-9
iii. National Special Education Centre for Visually Handicapped Children, G-7/2
iv. National Special Education Centre for Physically Handicapped Children,G-8/4
Directorate General of Special Education (DGSE) was established in 1985 as an Attached Department of the Ministry of Health, Social Welfare & Special Education through a directive of the President of Pakistan.
To provide enabling environment and opportunities through policies, plans, programs and projects that would promote social progress, educate and rehabilitate children / persons with disabilities and vulnerable groups of the society.
i) Facilitate Preparation and Execution of Policies and Plans for Education & Training of Persons with Disabilities.
ii) Development and standardization of curriculum for children with special needs.
iii) Human Resource Development as per needs of Children with Disabilities.
iv) Organizing Conferences, Seminars & Workshops.
v) National Planning and Coordination in various Fields of Disabilities
vi) Cooperation and Agreements with other International Organizations.
vii) Overall execution and supervision of Special Education & Training Programmes at National level.
Name of Project
Computerization of National Braille Press at NSEC for VHC, Islamabad
Construction of Housing Colony of Teacher/Staff of DGSE (Phase-II), Islamabad
Construction of Model Child Welfare Centre, Humak, Islamabad
After devolution of Ministry of Social Welfare & Special Education, DGSE became attached department of Capital Administration & Development Division and projects running under defunct M/o SW&SE are working under the administrative control of DGSE&SW. Thereafter the new Directorate namely Directorate General of Special Education & Social Welfare came into being comprising of following projects:-
a. Special Education
Special Education Centres/ Institutes
National Special Education Centre for VHC, Islamabad
National Special Education Centre for PHC, Islamabad.
National Institute of Special Education, Islamabad
National Training Centre for Special Persons, Islamabad
National Library and Resource Centre, Islamabad
National Braille Press, Islamabad
Computerization of National Braille Press, Islamabad.
Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment of Disabled Persons (RU), Islamabad.
Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment of Disabled Persons (Service Centre-I), Islamabad.
National Mobility and Independence Training Centre Islamabad.
National Special Education Centre for MRC, Islamabad
National Special Education Centre for HIC, Islamabad
Provision of Hostel Facilities at NSEC (VHC), HIC and NTCSP Islamabad
Special Education Centres working under Directorate General of Special Education and Social Welfare are providing the following services: –
Rehabilitation Services i.e. Physiotherapy, Speech Therapy, occupational Therapy, Audiometer, Optometry, Brail, Mobility Training, Training of Teachers/Professionals and other Social Welfare Services, Counseling & Guidance and Vocational Services.
Special Students participations in National & International Games
Free pick and drop services
b. Social Welfare
Social Welfare Centres/Institutes
National Trust for the Disabled (NTD)
National Council of Social Welfare (NCSW)
Social Welfare Training Institutes (SWTI), I-8/4, Islamabad
Women Welfare and Development Centre, G-7/1, Islamabad.
Rural Community Development Centre (RCDC), Punjgran, Islamabad
Pilot Comprehensive Community Development Centre (PCCDC), Sohan, Islamabad.
Community Development Centre (CDC), Noon, Islamabad
Model Child Welfare Centre (MCWC), Model Town, Humak, Islamabad.
Pilot School Social Work (PSSW), FG School, F-6/2, Islamabad.
Social Services Medical Centre (SSMC), FGSH, Islamabad.
Child Protection Centre, Turbat Kech, Balochistan
Social Welfare Centres/Institutions are providing advisory services and direct assistance in social welfare matters. These institutions work with the vision of setting up of an egalitarian society free from all sorts of exploitations based on the principles of equality, tolerance, social justice and the promotion of social / national integration. Their main activities/functions include:
promotion of social development and volunteer sector;
addressing socio-economic issues through spirit of self-help and self-reliance;
advise Federal Government on social welfare policy matters;
provide financial and technical assistance to regd. NGOs
social development through public & private partnership.
Carry out relief activities for the affectees of the natural disasters in the country;
promote the participation of women in economic development through skill development;
facilitate mother and child health care centers through awareness about proper childcare and development
provide support to vulnerable and at risk children, ranging from tracing and family-reunification, shelter services for rehabilitation, reintegration, non-formal education and skill enhancement for children from marginalized and un-reached segments of the society
Directorate General of Special Education, Social Welfare, Child Welfare & Development facilitate the signing ceremony of instrument of Ratification of UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 6th June, 2011. Signing ceremony was held in Awan-e-Sadr, Islamabad attended by persons with special needs, members of civil society, local and International NGOs. By signing this instrument Pakistan has achieve historical goal for the rights of PWDs.
The Government of Pakistan has ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 5th July, 2011 in UN General Assembly. After ratification, implementation of the said Convention has become mandatory for the Government of Pakistan.
DGSE&SW established a cell called UNCRPD secretariat for the implementation of UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) on 1 st January, 2012. A Core Committee was formulated to monitor/ coordination with the Federal Ministries/ Divisions/ Departments/Provincial Government Departments/ NGOs/ DPOs for the implementation of UNCRPD.
First National Consultative Seminar on Implementation of UNCRPD in Pakistan was held on 14th June 2012, at Islamabad Hotel with the collaboration of DGSE & Sight Savers International. All stakeholders from Government sector, private sector, NGOs, INGOs, and DPOs were the part of this Consultative Seminar.
i) To implement UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
ii) To conduct survey for Persons with Disabilities in Islamabad Capital Territory.
iii) To start early detection /intervention centres.
iv) Up-gradation of existing academic facilities.
v) Introduction of evening OPDs.
vi) To promote sport activities at National Level.
vii) To escalate awareness about disabilities in the public.
viii) Capacity building of all cadres at National and International Level.
ix) To start the program of publication/ news letter and pamphlets for general public.
x) Establishment of a club for old students.
xi) To boost research and community based rehabilitations.
xii) To establish sale point for items prepared by the children.
xiii) To introduce barrier free accessible buildings, road and parks.